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  Cape Town Holocaust Centre > Exhibition > Ghettos

Ghettos

The Warsaw Ghetto

The largest ghetto
When the Warsaw ghetto was sealed off in November 1942, almost a half a million Jews were living there. As a result of overcrowding and appalling conditions almost 5,000 people died of starvation and disease every month. Mass deportations from the ghetto to the death camps began in 1942. Many realised that there was no hope of survival and an underground resistance movement staged an uprising in April 1943. Against impossible odds and with no prospect of victory the resistance fighters succeeded in withstanding the Nazi onslaught for nearly a month. Ultimately the ghetto was destroyed and the few remaining survivors were deported to slave labour and death camps.

The Warsaw ghetto uprising
At the end of 1942 there were only about 55 000 Jews left in the ghetto. Many realised they had no hope of survival and an underground resistance movement was formed.

 

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