Educators – Grade 11 Units

This series of short videos and the accompanying text resources cover the section in Grade 11 CAPS that deals with the consequences when Pseudo-scientific Ideas of Race became integral to government policies and legislation in the 19th and 20th Centuries.

How this history has links to South Africa and its importance in this country.


Short videos downloadable to WhatsApp and available on our YouTube site as:

  • MP4s the links are available at the end of each unit
  • Print Resources which cover what was done in the videos, with questions to think about websites for further study

The units cover the following:

  • Theories of Race, Social Darwinism and Eugenics which were widespread in the 19th century. We explore how these ideas developed and how different countries applied them.
  • We discuss the unscientific bases on which these theories rested.
  • We briefly cover how modern science (Genome Project – mapping of human DNA) disproves any biological basis for race.
Case Studies

Case study Australia in 19th Century: and how they applied Eugenic policies to indigenous Australians

  • Keeping Australia “white” through immigration policies
  • Breeding “blackness” out

Case Study Nazi Germany in 20th Century: and how Nazi racial ideology underpinned their policies and practices.
Using Stanton’s 10 stages of Genocide we look at:

  • The creation of a racial state in Germany
  • Applying defining the German nation in relation to the ‘other’; 
  • Applying racial and eugenics laws and policies – purifying the nation;
  • Groups targeted for having impure blood: Jews, Roma and Sinti (gypsies), dark-skinned German people and the disabled
  • How this led to the genocide known as the Holocaust
Unit Synopses

All units offer the following:

· A video lesson

· Print material of the video lesson (this can be used with or without the video) with questions for learners and additional resources

· An Educator Guide Document providing additional information, suggested answers to questions, and ideas for enrichment. This document is intended for educator use only

· All video and print material is available in Afrikaans

Unit 1 synopsis

This is an overview and introduction to the pseudoscience of Race Theory and the

Pseudo-science of Eugenics, the contexts in which they occur, and why it is important to study this in South Africa today.

Unit 2 synopsis

Analyses the pseudo-science of race and Social Darwinism in more depth, and assesses the consequences of these ideas for the world.

Unit 3 synopsis

This unit focusses on, and seeks to deepen, our understanding of the pseudo-science of Eugenics, where and how it took root and how it was viewed and implemented.

Unit 4 synopsis

This unit examines Australia as a case study for racial and eugenicist policies in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.

Unit 5 synopsis

This unit begins the case study of Nazi Germany, looking at the rise of Nazism, the racial ideology in Nazi Germany and how Nazi Germany used Eugenics to underpin their racial state.

Unit 6 synopsis

Continuing with case study Nazi Germany, this unit deals with how Nazi Germany escalates forced sterilisation policies against the disabled family members of so-called “pure’ Germans and the start of Nazi Germany’s “euthanasia” programmes.

Unit 7 synopsis

Continuing with case study Nazi Germany this unit deals with the concept of genocide. We look at stages 1-7 of Stanton’s Ten Stages of Genocide and the prelude to the genocide of the Jews of Europe (the Holocaust).

Unit 8 synopsis

In this, the final unit, we look at stages 8-10 of Stanton’s Ten Stages of Genocide, the genocide of the Jews of Europe (The Holocaust) and the connections to be made between this history, Apartheid South Africa and Democratic South Africa.

Please Note

These units are to be used as an aid to teachers and learners. Each unit is short and covers the basics of the topic. We have, on the written resources, given websites for teachers and learners to visit and deepen their knowledge.


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